Team OI

Outline India took their data collection practices to the next level in an endline assessment, leveraging SurveyCTO’s features for phone surveys


Earth Day 2023

Win-win for People and Planet

Climate is no more an external variable, it is never ‘exper...

By Team Outline India

Field Exigencies: Weather

Field work planning is an oxymoron- things will and do go awry.

By Dhruv Suri, Partner, PSA

Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022 – a move in the right direction?

The Ministry of Electronics an...

By Srimoyee Biswas

Analysing Drop-out rates in India’s secondary education: Through the lens of Region and Gender

Secondary Education in India captures the grade of six to tenth in the Indian case. It roughly demarcates the population falling between ages 14-18. An individual is considered to...

By Shrey Goyal

Sustainable Energy and India’s way Forward

Sustainability means “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the...

By Manya Gupta and Sajusha Ashok

Welfare of Platform Gig Workers during the Pandemic

The Covid-19 pandemic had a devastating impact on the economy, with people losing jobs and being stripped off their livelihoods. The workers have borne the brunt of the crisis, particularly...


The New Era of Online Education - Boon or Bane?

The pandemic induced a huge negative impact on the lives of...

By Gowri Raj Varma and Saivaishnavi S

An Overview of India’s Healthcare Infrastructure during the COVID-19 Pandemic

“Good health and well-being” is one of the 17 UN Sust...

By Vrinda Khera and Anna Upreti

The prevalence of vaccine hesitancy

It has been almost eighteen months since the Covid-19 infection was declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organisation (WHO). With a high degree of mutation, the virus has severely impacted India, especially during the second wave. The neighbouring states of Nepal and Bangladesh hav...

By Anupam Hazarika

The significance of communications for social impact

“To effectively communicate, we must realize that we are all different in the way we perceiv...

By Akshit Nayyar

Harnessing India’s Demographic Dividend

The demographic dividend is defined as an READ MORE

By Aishanya Gupta

COVID 19 and India’s Heritage Culture

The rich cultural diversity of India is well reflected in the vivid, distinct, and enchanting folk art and crafts. The subcontinent has served as an epicenter for art, heritage, and culture for eons. Our latest blog underscores the significance of vibrant heritage that usually attracts 10 mill...

By Vrinda Khera

Sex Workers in India - Virus and Woes

The covid-19 pandemic over the last year and a half has cast a looming shadow on the lives of the marginalized communities. Sex Workers, one such community, already face widespread taboo and stigma in Indian society. They are looked down upon for their livelihood choices and are often cornered even amongst the informal workers. The pandemic has pushed them into further pover...

By Aishanya Gupta

COVID 19 and India’s Heritage Culture

The rich cultural diversity of India is well reflected in the vivid, distinct, and enchanting folk art and crafts. The subcontinent has served as an epicenter for art, heritage, and culture for eons. Our latest blog underscores the significance of vibrant heritage that usually attracts 10 million glo...

By Khushi Somani

COVID-19 disrupts food security for millions

Amongst the several disruptions spurred by COVID-19, the rise in hunger has been one of the most tangible and hard-hitting for the vulnerable. This blog highlights the reasons for food insecurity heightened by the pandemic. It also delves into the plight of the marginalized bearing the brunt of this double whammy.


By Subhash Sinha

भारत में बाल श्रमिकों पर COVID - 19 का प्रभाव


By Gurjot Singh Mahi

Manipulating SurveyCTO Timestamps using Pandas

Hey guys! In this blog post, we will take a step-by-step tour to learn how we can manipulate the timestamps using the Python data analysis library - Pandas. Pandas is a fast, flexible, and easy to u...

By Aarushi Gupta

COVID-19: Is the Pandemic enabling an Infodemic?

This blog covers the influence of social media on the current pandemic, Covid-19, the ethical and moral responsibility of social media and guidelines to elude fake information.<...

Pulama Mukherjee

Collective social resilience in times of pandemic

This blog covers how the social sector has played a pro-active role in relief work across the country since the onset of the novel coronavirus and highlights the challenges, the need for adapting to the new normal, and how there is an increased degree of cohesion among organisations working in the developmental sector.  


By Rimjhim Singh

Dissecting the impact of Coronavirus on Rural Education in India

This blog aims to examine how coronavirus has affected the education sector in rural and urban India. Was the implementation of Education Policies strong enough in the first place, to have us questioning the added upheavals caused due to coronavirus?...

By Akshita Sharma

Understanding the impacts of coronavirus through a gender lens

The blog explores the impacts of coronavirus pandemic from a gender perspective. The blog highlights the issues faced by women in India, what the government has done, and what should be the way forward.


By Kriti Seth

Ensuring Effective Phone Survey: Protocols and Do’s and Don’ts

After discussing the transition from CAPI to CATI mode of data collection in our last blog, this blog aims to highlight protocols as well as do’s and don’ts of telephonic interviews to increase the efficiency and reliability of data. 


By Pulama Mukherjee

Transitioning from CAPI to CATI: A guide to adapt to phone surveys using CATI in unprecedented times like COVID-19

How we can adopt new ways of data collection during the COVID-19 crisis? This blog focuses on Computer-Based Telephonic Interview (CATI) to optimize efficient and relevant data collection.

By Muskan Clare, Archana Shivan

SDGs - A Guide to Holistic Progress

The Outcome Document by the United N...

By Suparba Sil

Field stories from Rural India: The Voices That Matter

Fieldwork in India can be daunting as well as an exhilarating experience. My first field experience was a bit of both. Our team conduc...

By O. Venkat Sai

India Development Review: Importance of Multi-stakeholder Engagement in Data Collection

Outline India (OI) undertook a nutrition study in association with a global funding agency and its local implementation partner. This study was conducted in Jehanabad district of Bihar. The respondents consisted of implementation agency associated SHG women who have children between the ages of si...

By Pulama Mukherjee

'Kashmir' through the Lens of Half-widows

“Gar fird...

By O. Venkat Sai

Urban Planning and the Slums in Delhi

The journey from a refugee colony to a global city

By Lakshita Arora

How to conduct Field Training

Effective data collection necessitates extensive field training, which in turn is a process rife with utter detail. The following objects are communicated to the enumerators as a part of their field training: <...

By Ashmika Gouchwal & Himanshi Sharma

Data Cleaning Series: A Guide to Data Cleaning

Data cleaning is about understanding the data at h...

By Ashmika Gouchwal &Himanshi Sharma

Data Cleaning Series: An Introduction to Data Cleaning

Data cleaning bridges the gap between data capture and data analysis. Even though dat...

By Lakshita Arora

How to conduct Back-checks

Backchecks are quality control measures undertaken to corroborate the credibility and the legitimacy of data collected from a survey. Back-checks necessitate the installation of a back-check team. This team holds responsibility for a re-evaluation of survey outcomes...

By Lakshita Arora

Things to remember while going to Field

Disclaimer: Through this article, I do not wish to educate the reader about field planning; rather it is an experiential account of a novice learner in the field of data science and its usef...

By Jyoti Yadav, IRS Officer

Democracy, Governance and Data

Democracy as a system of governance is supposed to allow extensive representation and inclusiveness of p...

By Anupreeta Chatterjee

Different steps of Data Collection

When pioneers research, they know their tools and sample...

By Lakshita Arora

Things to remember while designing the Survey Tool

Effective data collection necessitates extensive field training, which in turn is a process rife with utter detail. The following...

By Nayantara Nanda

Experiences from 'Evaluation 2018'

The theme of this year’s conference, Evaluation 2018 organised by the the American Evaluation Association was ‘Seeking Truth to Power’, a core belief that must be followed by evaluators. The conference recognizes the power of evaluation for nonprofits, foundations, governments and others in the social sector to understand what works and what doesn’t to...

By Mahima Taneja

Using Drones for Research and Monitoring – Ethical, Safety and Accountability Framework

Once the preserve of the military, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are now used in a wide range of industries, from aerial surveillance of crops to search and rescue operations to the delivery of medical supplies to remote o...

By Isha Ray

The Importance of Audits in Social Interventions

India is home to one of the most diverse populations in the world in terms of language, culture, class, race and ethnicity. Formulating policy and tailoring interventions that are suited to the diverse needs of this country is a mammoth task. However, it is important to note that the problem essentially lies in ensuring that these interventions targete...

By Anusha Iyer

Riding in a Man's World

13th September 2016: As a child, whenever I tried lifting a heavy suit...

By Isha Ray

Experiences of Community Mapping in Madhya Pradesh

India is the second largest producer of cotton in the world and farmers across the country use copious amounts of pesticides to ensure that the production of cotton remains consistent through the years. The harmful consequences of this have motivated a global adoption of organi...

By Mahima Taneja

One Battle at a Time

Field work is hard. Our typical day on the field starts at 6 a.m., because often, the village we have to visit for data collection is a 2-3 hours’ drive from the town centre where we stay. Rural India is largely an agrarian society with 70 percent of people living in rural areas and half of our workforce still engaged in...

By Abhirupa Das

Dhibra Chuna: A Story of Child Labor in Jharkhand

One of our recent studies involved exploring instances of child labour in Gawan, Jharkhand. Our researchers were deployed to our base at Giridih for this study. Our site was a further 4-hour journey from our base. After a long journey through the dry and dusty roads of Jharkhand, we were nearing our sample villag...

By Nayantara M. Nanda

What’s on your plate?

“We had a huge garden with mango trees and plum trees. Every morning at the crack of dawn we would go pluck a basket full of fruits to devour post lunch, sitting on our charpai in our backyard whilst enjoying the fresh breeze.”...

By Arunima Ghoshal

To be or not to be: The Challenge of Defining Data in Connection to Field Experiences

In the quest to shed light on social issues and working to empower our clients through strong, reliable data, we at Outline India take on the challenge and search high and low to get meaningful data for various studies. Every journey into the field forces me to stretch my horizon of understanding this country and its people....

By Tanvir Malik

What is a Pre-test? And why should I do it?

1st Feb, 2017: The foundation of good research is good data and the foundation of good data is asking the right questions in the right way.  

Most questionnaires are developed by researchers far removed from the field. No matter how much experience a researcher has, their frame of reference is limited - there’s only...

By Apoorva Kohli

Demonetization: Good or Bad

23rd December 2016: Demonetization has been one of this era's most contentious exercises and will remain one of the most significant monetary occasions of our time. Its effect is being felt by every Indian as this step influences the economy’s liquidity. Its impact will be in light of the fact that about 86% of cash available for use was suddenly decla...

By Apoorva Bhatnagar

A Third Person Perspective

13th December, 2016 : If you had told me that the Sarpanch of a village was visiting our office, I’d immediately think of an old, hookah smoking man from Haryana who is ultra conservative and narrow-minded – not concerned with the pressing issues in his village, but more with the village women covering their...

By Anusha Iyer and Avneet Singh

Miles To Go Before We Leap

1st August, 2016: India crossed a major milestone recently by completing 25 years of its existence as a liberalized, privatized and globalized economy. 52% of India’s population was born after the historic year of 1991 and thus grew up in an era of Cartoon Network instead of Doordarshan and used Palmolive instead...

By Anusha Iyer

Souvenirs of Research

30th July, 2016: When I decided to join the development sector a couple of years ago, I never thought that one of my first few stints would lead me to a government residential girls' school in a village located in the most interior parts of a Naxalite-prone village in Bihar. So...

By Prerna Mukharya

The Fallacy of Maps

21st July 2016: Maps have been used historically to portray the world as a wholesome playground of countries, demarcating geographies, boundaries, size and distance. If we were to trace our way back to the time the first maps were drawn out, we would go as far back as 150 AD, combining geometry, math, sketching a...

By Aashay Tripathi


16th July 2016: The British have shocked the financial, political and business establishment of the world by voting to leave (52%) the European Union in the important referendum of 23 June 2016. Briefly analysing the votes in the referendum, we see that while England and Wales opted to leave the EU, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and the city of London wa...

By Nishmeet Singh

Data Curation

30th April, 2017: Data curation is defined as the active and ongoing management of data throughout its life cycle such that it can be reused by scholars and researchers. The process of data curation broadly involves managing, describing and preserving data. Long before the digital revolution of the 21st century,...

By Padmini Ramesh

My Internship Experience

15th December 2015: Sitting in Ladakh, where communication is highly unpredictable and volatile, I was preparing my resume and Curriculum Vitae to be sent out to various companies and start-ups for my summer internship. That’s when I came to know about Outline India, a startup working at the confluence of human resource,...


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