The University of Chicago, Delhi Centre
Outline India undertook a baseline evaluation to which seeks to capture current the roofing conditions and the benefits of cool roofing technology for a peri-urban settlement area in New Delhi.
Indian peri-urban settlements are often constructed with materials that are heat-absorbing, requiring additional energy to cool down the premises. As a result, slum communities often end up using cooling fans and air coolers for hours a day, raising their energy bills, especially during summers. In response to this, the University of Chicago implemented a RCT, which sought to counter this issue in one of Delhi's peri-urban resettlements to reduce home temperatures. The Cool roofing technology being used is designed to maintain a lower roof temperature than traditional roofs since they have been designed to reflect more sunlight and absorb less heat than a standard roof. The project aims to also mobilize communities to generate awareness on the benefits of using cool roof technologies by providing training on the use of this product as the improved indoor environment is anticipated to reduce exposure to extreme heat and a reduction in household energy costs.
Our study sought to understand how the Cool Roofing technology could impact the wellbeing of the users, and also aid in reducing their electrical consumption thereby allowing poor households to increase spending on food, health, and education, resulting in improvements of their quality of life. For this study, Outline India conducted surveys with 1500 residents (targeting the household head) to determine their demographic characteristics, health and wellbeing, as well as the infrastructure available to the community. Revisits to were also included for the study.
As Outline India was responsible for the end-to-end management of the data collection process, back checks and spot checks were undertaken by our researchers, who present on the field throughout the duration of the data collection as part of quality assurance protocols to ensure that questions are not skipped and all surveys are conducted as per the protocols. Additionally, data collected was monitored closely thereby providing the client daily updates and weekly check-in pertaining to all field activities. In addition to the data collection activities, Outline India also undertook the tool review, tool translation, development of survey manuals, and conducted in-depth training for supervisors and field enumerators on survey tools, use of digital devices, and ethical research protocols.
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